Eco-Nationalism: Anti-Nuclear Activism and National Identity

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In 1918 American troops participated in the Allied intervention in Russia on behalf of anti-Bolshevik forces. Abraham, Kurt S. "A World of Oil—Kazakhstan, an Oasis in FSU Bureaucratic Quagmire; International Deals." The first hypothesis is that post-communist countries that are American, British, and Canadian allies receive more positive depiction compared to non-allies. Soviet historical myths are one of the main pillars of Soviet identity.

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Soviet Union: Will Perestroika Work? (Hotspots)

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It gained additional powers relating to the approval of the Five-Year Plans and the Soviet government budget. [40] The Supreme Soviet elected a Presidium to wield its power between plenary sessions, [41] ordinarily held twice a year, and appointed the Supreme Court, [42] the Procurator General [43] and the Council of Ministers (known before 1946 as the Council of People's Commissars ), headed by the Chairman (Premier) and managing an enormous bureaucracy responsible for the administration of the economy and society. [41] State and party structures of the constituent republics largely emulated the structure of the central institutions, although the Russian SFSR, unlike the other constituent republics, for most of its history had no republican branch of the CPSU, being ruled directly by the union-wide party until 1990.

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Gorbachev: The Path to Power

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Said Dennis in his January 2002 autobiography lecture: I went to Israel in the Spring of 1969 for Passover. Despite these differences, however, Wolfarth judged the speech to be "quite consistent" with the "broad outline of inaugural tradition," although perhaps a bit "above the average inaugural" because of its "emotional color." [41] Karlyn Kohrs Campbell and Kathleen Hall Jamieson have written extensively about the inaugural address as a rhetorical genre, and their theories help illuminate the specific virtues of Kennedy's speech.

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Crisis in the Caucasus: Russia, Georgia and the West

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Furthermore, the Volunteer Army rejected any definite ‘pre-determination’ of the social, economic and political order of a future Russia. The coup not only failed but produced the opposite of its intended effect, setting the stage for Yel'tsin's final blow of 8 December 1991 (the Minsk agreement), which finished off the USSR and created the Commonwealth of Independent States. In the period of the dictatorship of the proletariat there is a transition to the single production plan and collective social consumption, and the family loses its significance as an economic unit.

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Globalisation and Advertising in Emerging Economies: Brazil,

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Part of the production from the Donets, Kuznetsk, Qaraghandy, and Pechora basins was high-quality coking coal; the other basins produced only lower-grade coals. The Soviets stayed neutral once Germany attacked and occupied Poland, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France. But could the Soviet Union afford to assume it would never work and ignore it? Under command economy, consumers had almost no influence over production, so the changing demands of a population with growing incomes could not be satisfied by supplies at rigidly fixed prices. [70] A massive unplanned second economy grew up alongside the planned one at low levels, providing some of the goods and services that the planners could not.

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Lincoln and the Russians

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Odom, The Collapse of the Soviet Military (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1998), p. 147. Gates, the CIA's and the Intelligence Community's pessimistic assessment inspired the creation of a secret "contingency planning group," chaired by Rice, to study the implications of a Soviet collapse. 34 Washington, it seemed, was in the advantageous position of hoping for the best while being able to prepare for the worst. The war itself, presented as the Great Patriotic War, is seen as the cornerstone of the nation-forming myth of the USSR.

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Russia-Iran Relations Since the End of the Cold War (Durham

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Now energy is seen as a strategic commodity and as a means by which these states are trying to focus on their geopolitical importance. On August 18 Gorbachev and his family were detained by military authorities at their home in the Crimea. As the official journal of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Mezhdunarodnaia zhizn' (the Russian-language edition of International Affairs) often hosts distinguished guests from around the world.

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Between Truth and Time: A History of Soviet Central

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Stalin is quoted as saying that "The Party cannot be neutral towards religion.. And so it is control of the distribution of gas which is the key to Ukrainian politics, and is the focus of Balmaceda’s story. Foster who grumbled in top leadership circles where he influenced hardly anyone, wrote articles and pamphlets that reflected Browder's views. 6 Looked at rationally, it is simply mind-boggling that all the Party elders and theoreticians who had promulgated the Browder line (actually, the Stalin-Browder line) in countless texts, and tens of thousands of rank and file Communists who approved of what they read, could be convinced in a few weeks that everything that had been written was wrong, after reading an English translation of a short article (really nothing more than a memorandum) of no intrinsic theoretical merit, that originally appeared in some obscure Communist journal in recently-liberated Paris.

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Reagan, Bush, Gorbachev: Revisiting the End of the Cold War

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Wallin (ed.), The Post-Soviet Military Industrial Complex, Swedish National Defence Research Establishment,Stockholm, 1994, pp.29-48. 'Transforming Russia's Defence Industrial Base', Survival, Winter 1993-94, pp.147-162 'Regional'naya fokusirovka konversii oboronnoi promyshlennosti', Voprosy Ekonomiki i Konversii, 1993, Spetsial'nyi vypusk, pp.61-62. 'Defence Industry Conversion in NATO Partner Countries', NATO's Sixteen Nations, 1993, no.5-5, pp.21, 24-5, 28. Therein are the roots of many mistakes that have brought the world to its current troubled state… Within such a matrix, the United Nations and its Security Council become expendable or at best an impediment, while international law is viewed as a burdensome legacy of the past.

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Bear Hunting With the Politburo

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It was difficult to persuade our Soviet authorities, including the president of the Academy of Sciences, academician Mstislav Keldysh, that we should reciprocate. Al Hilal Bank, which is an Abu Dubai state bank, has already opened three branches in Kazakhstan since 2010, and the Islamic Bank for the Development of the Private Sector (ICD) has partnered with Kazakhstan’s Zaman Bank to establish the first Islamic Finance Leasing Company in the country with $36 million in authorized capital.

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