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By Olga Tellegen-Couperus

An important construction of the Romans was once their legislation. during this ebook, Dr Tellegen-Couperus discusses the way the Roman jurists created and built legislations and how during which Roman legislation has come all the way down to us. certain consciousness is given to questions akin to `who have been the jurists and their legislations faculties' and to the shut connection among jurists and the politics in their time.

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The wealth of senators consisted mainly of estates in Italy and the provinces; traditionally this was the only known form of wealth in Rome. e. ships of sea-going capacity; they were probably also forbidden to participate in contracts with the state to collect taxes. 2. The equites In the later republic the equites formed the second class in Roman society. The class originated among the horsemen who had formed the cavalry since the army had been reorganised under King Servius Tullius. During the republic they were chosen by the censor from among the citizens on the basis of their financial, physical and moral strength.

The praetor was not solely responsible for the creation of this new form of private law. 3 By giving responsa and engaging in several other practices the jurists helped to develop private law; they also began to record the responsa they had given in writing, arrange them in a certain order and publish them.

The top magistrates, now called consuls, were chosen by the comitia centuriata from the Roman citizens. They were given a variety of powers. First of all, they were given imperium; this included command of the army, the authority to recruit troops, appoint officers and distribute the spoils of war. Further, they had the ius edicendi, the right to issue binding regulations (edicta). A third important power wielded by the consuls was the coercitio; this was a general power which helped consuls to maintain public order and impose penalties for civil disobedience.

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