By Walter Garrison Runciman
The concluding quantity of W.G. Runciman's trilogy on social concept applies his thought and method to the case of twentieth-century English society. He indicates how England's capitalist mode of construction, liberal mode of persuasion, and democratic mode of coercion developed within the aftermath of global battle I from what they'd been because the Eighteen Eighties, but didn't evolve considerably following international struggle II. His clarification demonstrates that a few financial, ideological and political practices have been favourite over others in an more and more advanced surroundings, neither predictable nor controllable by way of policymakers.
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Extra resources for A Treatise on Social Theory, Volume 3: Applied Social Theory
Readers unfamiliar with the notion of cultural selection are recommended to start with Boyd and Richerson (1985). 3 Readers of volume I may recall that according to the 1951 census there were in the United Kingdom in that year 2 clergymen, 4 solicitors, 4 doctors, 1 accountant, 10 opticians, 23 chiropodists, and 34 qualified accountants all under sixteen years of age (Marsh 1958, p. 163 n. 1). Page xvii recollection of events, processes, or states of affairs witnessed at first hand. Although, as I said in the preface to volume I, it is for my readers and not for me to judge whether I am a better sociologist because I am also a practising capitalist, it remains the case that as a practising capitalist I have both observed and taken part in aspects of the functioning of twentieth-century English society about which I could not have found out as much as I have in any other way.
This does not, as I also argued, prevent them from being used as terms of reportage which can be transposed salva veritate between alternative explanatory, descriptive, or evaluative theories. But the evolution from one to another sub-type of capitalist liberal democracy cannot be reported as such to the satisfaction of rival observers until it has been spelt out in exactly what sense the practices defining the roles which constitute the mode of production are indeed 'capitalist', those defining the roles which constitute the mode of persuasion 'liberal', and those defining the roles which constitute the mode of coercion 'democratic'.
I have also, not without hesitation, drawn at some points on my own experience as a participant-observer in what is, after all, my own society. I am well aware of the risks in so doing. But a government census, an anthropological monograph, a sample survey, a contemporary diary, or an independently commissioned research report are not intrinsically more reliable3 than a (footnote continued from previous page) research, see Tooby and Cosmides (1992). Readers unfamiliar with the notion of cultural selection are recommended to start with Boyd and Richerson (1985).