By Frances Peter, John Smith Ph.D., William Cooper Jr.
Frances Peter was once one of many 11 kids of Dr. Robert Peter, a health professional for the Union military. The Peter family members lived on Gratz Park close to downtown Lexington, the place nineteen-year-old Frances all started recording her impressions of the Civil battle. due to affliction, she didn't frequently enterprise outdoors her domestic yet was once capable of assemble a outstanding volume of data from associates, friends, and newspapers. Peter's candid diary chronicles Kentucky's invasion through Confederates lower than Gen. Braxton Bragg in 1862, Lexington's month-long career through Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith, and alterations in angle one of the slave inhabitants following the Emancipation Proclamation. As troops from either North and South took turns keeping town, she again and again emphasised the rightness of the Union reason and minced no phrases in expressing her disdain for the hated ""secesh."" Her writings articulate many issues universal to Kentucky Unionists. notwithstanding she used to be an ardent supporter of the struggle opposed to the Confederacy, Peter additionally nervous that Lincoln's use of authority surpassed his constitutional rights. Her personal attitudes in the direction of blacks have been ambiguous, as used to be the case with many folks in that point. Peter's descriptions of day-by-day occasions in an occupied urban offer useful insights and a special female point of view on an underappreciated element of the struggle. until eventually her loss of life through epileptic seizure in August 1864, Peter carefully recorded the placement and deportment of either Union and accomplice infantrymen, incidents on the army hospitals, and tales from the geographical region. Her account of a torn and divided zone is a window to the battle during the gaze of a tender girl of intelligence and substance.
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Extra resources for A Union Woman in Civil War Kentucky: The Diary of Frances Peter
The whole regiment was not present as 2 or 3 companies were left behind on guard. They passed by our house both going & coming down & wore the uniforms they had worn at Wild Cat. 1 The flag was of dark blue silk with gold fringe & eagle on it with the words "Wild Cat" in a cloud in reference to the battle ofWild Cat in which the regiment took so large a part. When the people were coming down we saw Mr. John Dudley coming down with a stranger. " He was dressed in a suit of what is called "rebel gray" with no shoulder straps on his coat or stripes of any kind on his breeches or badge on his cap.
In May 1863 it was taken by Federal authorities for use as a general hospital, but was destroyed by fire on May 22, 1863. See J. , Lexington During the Civil War (Lexington: Commerical Printing Company, 1938), 23, 39, 41. jUNE 5TH 1862 ... The ladies gave a strawberry party to Warners' men today at their camp. jUNE 21ST  A body of soldiers left here today for Owen Co. to put down some outbreak of the secesh. 1 1. On June 20, 1862, between thirty and forty Confederate sympathizers attacked a party of Kentucky Home Guard near Lusby's Mill.
Located in Morrison College, Transylvania University. THURSDAY jULY 3D  Pa received an official letter this evening giving him his dismissal from the hospital from the 13th of this month. The hospitals here are to be discontinued. • 18. (Above} An 1860 view ofTransylvania University. Morrison Hall, the columned building, was designed by Gideon Shryock, who rented the Stark house on the corner of Market and Mechanic Streets during the hall's construction (1831-33). The Stark house later became the longtime home of the Peter family.