Download Acquiring Genomes: A Theory of the Origins of Species by Lynn Margulis PDF

By Lynn Margulis

During this groundbreaking e-book, Lynn Margulis and Dorion Sagan current a solution to at least one of the iconic mysteries of evolution--the resource of inherited edition that provides upward thrust to new species. Random genetic mutation, lengthy believed to be the most resource of version, is just a marginal issue. because the authors display during this publication, the extra vital resource of speciation, by way of a ways, is the purchase of recent genomes through symbiotic merger. the results of thirty years of delving right into a big, often arcane literature, this is often the 1st publication to head beyond--and demonstrate the serious boundaries of--the "Modern Synthesis" that has ruled evolutionary biology for nearly 3 generations. Lynn Margulis, whom E. O. Wilson referred to as "one of the main profitable man made thinkers in smooth biology," and her co-author Dorion Sagan have written a accomplished and scientifically supported presentation of a idea that without delay demanding situations the assumptions we carry in regards to the number of the residing international.

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Thinking of populist leaders, if one sees them as therapists of the world, then they resemble those guru-like therapists who approach their patients with assumptions as to what constitutes wellbeing and how to achieve it. We know that those kinds of therapists are not working out of alterity and empathy at all, nor are populist leaders like Mrs Thatcher. They are not responding to the patient; they’re imposing something upon the patient out of their own systems of belief. Just as guru-therapists often get good results in the very short term, so, too, populist leaders seem to offer quick solutions to political problems.

But accepting that the political analyst has a countertransference to the problem she or he seeks to treat avoids the well-known self-deception that a so-called ‘objective’ analysis of politics is possible. An objective analysis of a political problem would, following the analogy I am working out, be equivalent to the worst kind of high-tech or highminded psychiatric approach. A similar failure to grasp the unconscious dimension of the treatment relationship between political analyst and political process marred much Marxist analysis of politics.

The concern and preoccupation with countertransference has reached a peak in Britain and Latin America, where it sometimes seems that analysis consists of nothing but an exploration of the countertransference. 10 The situation in France is different. 11 However, Lacan’s view of what happens dramatically oversimplifies the experience and practices of those who pioneered a revision of Freud’s methodological suggestions. Though the question of disclosure remains a pressing one, Lacan overlooks the issues of the level of the analyst’s disclosure and the work he or she might do on what is to be disclosed prior to communicating it.

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