By Robert K. Poole
Issues lined during this quantity 1. steel ion shipping in eukaryotic microorganisms: insights from Saccharomyces cerevisiae 2. Iron uptake by means of fungi: contrasted mechanisms with inner or exterior relief three. Dynamics of metabolism and its interactions with gene expression in the course of sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae four. Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in rhizobium five. Redundancy of cardio respiration chains in micro organism? Routes, purposes and rules Key positive aspects * subject matters coated during this quantity: * steel ion delivery in eukaryotic microorganisms: insights from Saccharomyces cerevisiae * Iron uptake by means of fungi: contrasted mechanisms with inner or exterior relief * Dynamics of metabolism and its interactions with gene expression in the course of sporulation in Saccharomyces cerevisiae * Carbon and nitrogen metabolism in rhizobium * Redundancy of cardio breathing chains in micro organism? Routes, purposes and rules
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Extra info for Advances in Microbial Physiology, Vol. 42
Also use this terminology, a change to AM is likely to cause confusion and uncertainty ... " Accuracy is one of the fundamental requirements of the scientific method. It is no less important in the use of terminology than it is in the gathering of data. It is true to say that not all fungi in the Glomales (the order in which AM fungi are presently placed) have been shown to form arbuscules. But neither is it true that they have all been shown to form vesicles. It is, however, correct to say that, among the Glomalean fungi that have been shown to form mycorrhizas, all but one, Glomus tubiforme Warcup, are capable of forming some kind of arbuscule, whereas not all have been shown to form vesicles.
In the saprophytic phase, spores of ectomycorrhizal fungi respond to the stimulation of root exudates. Germination of spores from four ectomycorrhiza-forming Suillus species (S. granulatus, S. grevillei, S. luteus, and S. variegatus) was induced by exposing the spores to exudates from roots of Pinus sylvestris (Fries 1987). The first germination-inducing compound identified in root exudates was the diterpene resin acid, abietic acid (Fries et al. 1987). While the mechanistic details for the induction of germination are not understood, interaction of the germinating hyphre with a growing root presumably confers an important selective advantage to Suillus mycelium.
It has been suggested that the intraspecific variations in symbiotic structures of Laccaria bicolor-Pinus banksiana mycorrhizas (Wong et al. 1989) are related to the differences in IAAsynthesizing activity among the various fungal isolates. To analyze the role of fungal IAA in ectomycorrhiza development, the effects of exogenous hormone on protein patterns and gene expression should be considered. It will be interesting to see whether any of these IAA- Fig. 2. Abnormal proliferation of the Hartig net in pine ectomycorrhiza formed by a monokaryotic mutant of Hebeloma cylindrosporum overproducing IAA (courtesy of Dr.