By Aharon Oren (auth.), Russell H. Vreeland (eds.)
This booklet is designed to be a protracted time period occupation reference. The chapters current glossy strategies. this can be a how-to-book with a distinction. those chapters:
- display the historical past information regarding operating with salt loving organisms,
- are loaded with information regarding how experiments are carried out below excessive salt,
- offer information regarding analyses that paintings less than those stipulations and those who would possibly not,
- current a variety of info from laboratory designs to apparatus used or even to easy anecdotal tricks which may in simple terms come from adventure.
Microbiological education focuses principally at the progress, the dealing with and the learn of the microbes linked to people and animals. but the most important percentage of the Earth’s microbiota lives in saline environments resembling the Oceans, saline deserts and terminal hypersaline environments. This want for salt could be intimidating for these drawn to getting into the sphere or for these attracted to figuring out how such examine is accomplished.
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Additional resources for Advances in Understanding the Biology of Halophilic Microorganisms
Arch Microbiol 172:213–218 Eder W, Jahnke LL, Schmidt M, Huber R (2001) Microbial diversity of the brine-seawater interface of the Kebrit Deep, Red Sea, studied via 16S rRNA gene sequences and cultivation methods. Appl Environ Microbiol 67:3077–3085 Eder W, Schmidt M, Koch M, Garbe-Schönberg D, Huber R (2002) Prokaryotic phylogenetic diversity and corresponding geochemical data of the brine-seawater interface of the Shaban Deep, Red Sea. Environ Microbiol 4:758–763 Elevi Bardavid R, Oren A (2008a) Dihydroxyacetone metabolism in Salinibacter ruber and in Haloquadratum walsbyi.
II. Additional evidence for the contribution of halobacterial pigments. Int J Salt Lake Res 3:9–13 Oren A, Gurevich P (1993) Characterization of the dominant halophilic archaea in a bacterial bloom in the Dead Sea. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 12:249–256 Oren A, Gurevich P (1994) Production of D-lactate, acetate, and pyruvate from glycerol in communities of halophilic archaea in the Dead Sea and in saltern crystallizer ponds. FEMS Microbiol Ecol 14:147–156 Oren A, Gurevich P (1995) Dynamics of a bloom of halophilic archaea in the Dead Sea.
1952). In a study of 168 halophilic bacterial isolates, 75 strains required NaCl, while 21 strains grew well on media with 1–4 M KCl (Onishi et al. 1980). A wide variety of salts at 1 M concentration supported growth of Micrococcus varians including KBr, KCl, KNO3 , RbBr, RbCl, and a number of Na salts (Kamekura and Onishi 1982). In this case, media made with KI or NaI showed growth after a long lag period, and strains capable of growth with high concentrations CsCl and LiCl were isolated. As discussed below, some microorganisms from oligohaline environments may be osmotolerant or osmophilic, but naturally depend on salts other than NaCl.