By R. D. Grillo
This used to be the 1st anthropological monograph to have dealt at size with the labour strength of a tremendous East African undefined. it's a research of the African staff of the East African Railways and Harbours stationed at Kampala, Uganda, and residing at the Railway-owned Nsambya housing property. Set within the years 1964-5, presently after Uganda's and Kenya's Independence, the publication explores many of the outcomes for African migrant employees of the adjustments affecting their society. Dr Grillo describes how falling costs for basic agricultural items, academic enlargement and emerging wages have created a excessive call for for employment. these lucky sufficient to discover paintings take pleasure in a comparatively excessive way of life. partially as a result, the Railway labour strength has develop into stabilised with a low turnover of staff, nearly all of whom deliver other halves and youngsters to reside on the town. they're, notwithstanding, nonetheless migrants who hold social and fiscal ties with their parts of beginning. by means of satisfying normal and private responsibilities, members keep a place inside an 'ethnic' approach which gives one framework for relationships of cohesion and competition. The itself with its work-units, occupational teams and grading procedure presents one other.
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Additional resources for African Railwaymen: Solidarity and Opposition in an East African Labour Force (African Studies (No. 10))
During the period when this study was undertaken Africanisation was a major source of change in the community, giving as it did rapid advancement to thousands of employees. It may be said to be one of the principal factors behind the growth of an urban middle class in both Kampala and Nairobi. The consequences of this change, both for the community as a whole and for particular groups of individuals, will be considered extensively in later chapters of the monograph. 18 CHAPTER 2 THE RAILWAY COMMUNITY IN EAST AFRICA AND AT KAMPALA In East Africa the average urban employee is likely to be better off in terms of cash income than his compatriot gaining a living through peasant farming.
They too, for different reasons, form a relatively separate element. TABLE 18. EARH housing at Nsambya, house usage, April 196s Class 7 6 5« 5 (ii) 4/3 Total Occupied by Railwaymen By police Otherwise Total Africans Asians Africans engaged 381 81 - 24 425 4 28 104 73 43 35 33 9 20 19 2 - 613 42 4i 75 76 44 724 SOURCE : EARH Administration, Kampala. The estate is close by the depot as may be seen from Figures 1 and 2 (pp. xii and xiii); indeed, since it is situated on the lower slopes of Nsambya Hill the houses to the south actually look down on the Loco Shed and the Marshalling Yards.
While it cannot be entirely discounted that, as has sometimes been argued (Amsden 1971, Weeks 1971), wage increases themselves created stability and led to unemployment, it is more likely that stability itself reflected a more fundamental change in the society. Indeed there is some evidence to suggest that wage increases, or at least demands for wage increases on the part of the emergent trade union movement, were generated by an existing trend towards stability (Grillo, forthcoming 1974). It is not immediately obvious that the situation outlined in the preceding paragraph would affect the behaviour of the classical migrant.