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By Herman L. Bennett

Полное название:"Africans in Colonial Mexico : absolutism, Christianity, and Afro-Creole recognition, 1570–1640"
В этом исследовании, автор обнаружил много новой информации о жизни рабов и свободных чернокожих в Мексике и как их жизнь была регулированна правительством.

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Additional resources for Africans in Colonial Mexico 1570–1640

Sample text

In a 76-year period (1570–1646), the creole population grew ¤fty fold, from 2,437 to 116,529. Mostly free mulattos, they constituted the largest freed and free population in the Western Hemisphere—a position that creoles maintained well into the nineteenth century. 61 Creoles, as Africans born in New Spain were known, emerged as a signi¤cant presence soon after the conquest. Throughout the sixteenth century, the growth of the creole population proceeded slowly but unabated. By the midsixteenth century, the creole population had proliferated to such an extent that the colonial authorities ¤nally took notice.

By 1646, the creole population, largely free and comprised of mulattos, numbered 116,529, whereas the predominantly African slave population totaled 35,089. The dramatic growth in the number of creoles underscores a dazzling rate of natural increase among that population and signals that not all persons of African descent were slaves. ” But the census materials and estate patterns also highlight that at the same time most persons of African descent were free or had been freed. With the abatement of the international slave trade in 1640, people of African descent entered communities in New Spain in three ways: they were born there, they voluntarily moved there from other regions, or they were brought there as laborers.

In their efforts to discern the workings of slavery, scholars of the Americas initially displayed a marked interest in the extant slave laws. 2 They concluded that, in theory, at least, the master’s authority was far from absolute precisely because the laws limited the owners’ authority over property. Practice represented another matter. As a ¤eld, scholars understood that laws could not reveal the meaning of the slave experience. Inquiries about the law, therefore, quickly fell from grace as scholars shifted toward producing histories of speci¤c slave societies.

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