By Fay Botham
During this attention-grabbing cultural background of interracial marriage and its felony legislation within the usa, Fay Botham argues that religion--specifically, Protestant and Catholic ideals approximately marriage and race--had an important impact on felony judgements touching on miscegenation and marriage within the century following the Civil conflict. Botham argues that divergent Catholic and Protestant theologies of marriage and race, bolstered by way of neighborhood modifications among the West and the South, formed the 2 pivotal situations that body this quantity, the 1948 California best court docket case of Perez v. Lippold (which effectively challenged California's antimiscegenation statutes at the grounds of spiritual freedom) and the 1967 U.S. perfect court docket case Loving v. Virginia (which declared felony bans on interracial marriage unconstitutional). Botham contends that the white southern Protestant concept that God "dispersed" the races, instead of the yankee Catholic emphasis on human harmony and customary origins, issues to ways in which faith motivated the process litigation and illuminates the spiritual bases for Christian racist and antiracist pursuits.
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Additional resources for Almighty God Created the Races: Christianity, Interracial Marriage, and American Law
Patrick’s Church offered to provide the CIC with space to hold its meetings, and so the group invited Father John LaFarge to Los Angeles to discuss the best way to go about establishing a local council. 23 Father LaFarge agreed to come to Los Angeles. His deferential relationship with the New York hierarchy—most notably with future Los Angeles archbishop J. Francis McIntyre—had earned him the consternation of progressive Catholics, who viewed him as a gradualist. ”24 As Marshall and the other members of the group intended to shape the Los Angeles council as an intrepid advocate of interracial justice, they heeded LaFarge’s advice.
S. Supreme Court ruled on the constitutionality of compulsory flag saluting in public schools. In contrast to Minersville School District v. Gobitis, decided just three years earlier, the justices this time ruled that regulations compelling school children who were members of the Jehovah’s Witnesses to salute the flag violated the First and Fourteenth Amendments. According to Justice Robert Jackson, who wrote the majority opinion: [ 32 ] CATHOLIC CALIFORNIA Much of the vagueness of the due process clause disappears when the specific prohibitions of the First [Amendment] become its standard.
In 1944, Marshall, along with his friends Ted LeBerthon and African American physician Thomas Peyton—a vocal and very progressive trio of advocates of racial equality—decided to create a Los Angeles chapter of the Catholic Interracial Council. St. Patrick’s Church offered to provide the CIC with space to hold its meetings, and so the group invited Father John LaFarge to Los Angeles to discuss the best way to go about establishing a local council. 23 Father LaFarge agreed to come to Los Angeles.