Download Approaches to Legal Ontologies: Theories, Domains, by Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, PDF

By Giovanni Sartor, Pompeu Casanovas, Mariangela Biasiotti, Meritxell Fernández-Barrera

Legal ontologies have proved an important for representing, processing and retrieving criminal info, and may collect an expanding importance within the rising framework of the Semantic internet. regardless of the numerous examine initiatives within the box, a collective mirrored image at the theoretical foundations of criminal ontology engineering was once nonetheless lacking. This booklet bridges the space, by means of exploring present methodologies and theoretical techniques to criminal ontologies. It gathers sixteen papers, each one of them proposing matters and strategies for ontology engineering relating to a specific method of, or element of, the legislations: comparative legislations, case-based reasoning, multilingualism, complicated- platforms, sociolegal research, criminal thought, social ontology, ontology studying, computational ontology, carrier ontology, cognitive technology, rfile modelling, huge felony databases, medical, linguistic and legal-technology views. The booklet will hence curiosity researchers in felony informatics, man made intelligence and legislation, felony concept, criminal philosophy, felony sociology, comparative legislation, in addition to builders of purposes according to the clever administration of felony info, in either e-commerce and e-government (e-administration, e-justice, e-democracy).

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13). On the other hand, operational families of concepts, will not necessarily follow the model of a rooted tree, and will acquire more diverse structures. This is due to 36 Fig. ) M. Fernández-Barrera and G. Sartor Fig. 13 Structure of is-a hierarchies Is a relations the fact that concepts in an operational family are not necessarily related to a single beginner, but can form looped structures.

3 Other Forms of Conceptual Organisation in Legal Doctrine It is possible to think, however, of a global organisation of legal contents in which a broader perspective is taken: this would be the case of the branches of law and 38 Fig. ) M. Fernández-Barrera and G. Sartor legal institutions. At this layer, it is legal norms that are being assembled under a common category because of the subject matter that they regulate, their goals and their underlying values (Renauld 1958: 171–172).

Ascribing a particular meaning to a term. Consider for example the following definition, contained in the EU data protection directive (Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council): (a) “personal data” shall mean any information relating to an identified or identifiable natural person (“data subject”); an identifiable person is one who can be identified, directly or indirectly, in particular by reference to an identification number or to one or more factors specific to his physical, physiological, mental, economic, cultural or social identity; Here is the definition which can be found instead in the Italian legislation (art.

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