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By Pierre Bayle

Pierre Bayle's Dictionnaire Historique et Critique used to be a bestseller all through Europe for 2 centuries. Sally L. Jenkinson's masterly new version offers the reader with a coherent course via Bayle's large paintings, uncovering Bayle's revolutionary perspectives on toleration and elitism. This anthology is the 1st in English to provide Bayle as a particularly political philosopher. Jenkinson's authoritative translation, cautious collection of texts, and lucid creation should be welcomed by way of students and scholars of the heritage of rules, political concept, cultural heritage and French experiences.

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Bayle: Political Writings

Pierre Bayle's Dictionnaire Historique et Critique used to be a bestseller all through Europe for 2 centuries. Sally L. Jenkinson's masterly re-creation offers the reader with a coherent course via Bayle's monstrous paintings, uncovering Bayle's revolutionary perspectives on toleration and elitism. This anthology is the 1st in English to give Bayle as a in particular political philosopher.

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They associate the movement, as he did, with natural law in jurisprudence, republicanism in government, and neo-Stoicism in philosophy (cf. Tuck (), p. xiv). Bayle, considering the experience in France, made a finer distinction. He judged that neo-Stoicism in political theory was at its most admirable when it was allied with intellectual freedom for all people and not just for the elite. He sees it in the ‘heroic magnanimity’ of Marguerite of Navarre (Nav (P)), and in the honourable statecraft of de l’Hoˆpital and Henry IV, who had not only instituted the Edicts of Toleration, but had educated civilians to implement the arrangements (Hoˆp (S)).

That is, ecclesiastics of the traditional religion solicited legislation that would bring all religious worship within the single official church (Hoˆp (D), (E), (F)). Bayle seems to have judged that Ultramontane Catholicism by the turn of the century was no longer the main threat to his community. For an equally sinister force, namely Catholic sovereign extremism – allegedly popular, and a reverse image of Protestant popular sovereignty – posed the real danger to the tradition of the Edict of Nantes (see Loy, Mar).

Bracken, H. (), ‘Pierre Bayle and Freedom of Speech’, in E. J. ), Truth and Tolerance. Montreal: McGill University Faculty of Religious Studies, pp. –. (), ‘Toleration Theories: Bayle vs. Locke’, in E. Greffier and M. ), The Notion of Tolerance and Human Rights. Essays in Honour of R. Klibanski. [Ottawa, Ontario:] Carleton University Press, pp. –. ) (), pp. –. (), ‘Bayle and the Origins of the Doctrine’, in Freedom of Speech: Words are not Deeds. : Praeger, pp. –. Brockliss, L.

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